Gum Diseases-Periodontology

What is periodontology?

Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of gingiva, alveolar bone, cement, and periodontal ligaments, which surround and support the teeth.

What is periodontal disease, or gum disease?

Gingival diseases, ie periodontal diseases, resorption (dissolution, loss) in the bone surrounding the tooth and gingival recessions occur. As a result of the diminishing bones and gums surrounding the teeth, the teeth start to rock and eventually the teeth can be lost in rot. Gum disease usually progresses painlessly. Patients usually come to the dentist with complaints such as oral odor, gum bleeding, teeth whining.

What causes gum disease?

The cause of gum disease is usually lacking hygiene, ie missing tooth cleaning. Bacteria clinging to the teeth due to incomplete hygiene constitute the so-called dental plaque and this structure plays the most important role in the formation of the gum disease. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for gum disease. Other risk factors are various systemic diseases such as diabetes, stress, malnutrition. Nocturnal squeezing or creaking, bad dental closure, irregularity in the teeth, bad and old fillings or prostheses can cause gum disease.

Is it just enough to brush your teeth?

In addition to normal brushing after the treatment, the use of the recommended interface brush or dental floss is one of the most important means of preventing the recurrence of the disease. These tools, which should be used once a day and regularly after the treatment, should not be left after the gums are in good health.

Should I use antibiotics?

Antibiotics and various other medicines are agents frequently and uncontrolledly referenced by patients for the treatment of the disease. Antibiotics are only used as adjuncts in the treatment of infections related to teeth. If the physician deems it necessary, the antibiotic or antibacterial mouthwash it should be used should be used as described by the physician.

What is the treatment?

1 Flap Operation

It aims to stop the bone destruction around the tooth by cleaning the inflamed tissues. It occurs when the bones that support the gum disease and teeth show signs of loss.


After the procedure, the destruction will stop in the bone supporting the female. The bad mouth odor caused by gum disease goes away. The gingiva turns from a dark red color to a pink color which forms an aesthetic image. Gingival hemorrhages fall to minimum level or completely disappeared. The weakness and low resistance that can occur due to the inflammation in the mouth will cease to exist.

Attention to these!

After the operation, a slight increase in the sensitivity of the teeth to hot, cold, sour and sweet is normal. To relieve this condition, our patients are advised to use an anti-sensitizing paste.

2 Deep Gingival Abortion

The goal is to clean the inflamed tissues and stop bone destruction around the tooth.
In flap surgery, the surgical removal of the gingiva is done here as closed, ie, seamless and without surgery. However, this procedure can be performed up to a certain level of the disease.

3 Free Gingival Graft

Due to gum removal, healthy gingiva is transferred to healthy areas without gingiva to prevent bone destruction and tooth loss, and it aims to cover some of the root surfaces which are open as estekik.

Will there be a lot of pain after treatment?

No, the pain that will occur according to the patient's pain threshold is usually too high to be removed with a painkiller.

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